The Hellenistic and Roman periods

This course examines the regions of Macedonia, the Black Sea, and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The Hellenistic Kingdoms were the states that emerged after the death of Alexander the Great and the gradual division of his empire among his chief officials and generals in Greece, the Black Sea, Egypt, and the Near East. Alexander’s successors fought continuous wars against each other and became the main focus of political power in the Eastern Mediterranean. They governed and taxed several different ethnicities, which interacted with each other in various ways.

From the 2nd century BC, most of the lands controlled by the Successors gradually became part of the mighty Roman Empire. Issues such as the administration system of the provinces will be discussed, along with the status of some major Roman sites on grounds of their topography and their urban development under the Imperium Romanum. This course will also examine representative monuments from major cities, along with the process of Romanization and its impact on the spatial development of the Hellenistic cities.

The aim of this course is to familiarize the students with the main aspects of the Hellenistic kingdoms’ foreign policy, administration, finances, and social structure and how they evolved after the Roman conquest by examining selected literary, epigraphic, papyrological and archaeological sources.