The aim of the course is to investigate the preserved ancient and medieval settlements of the Black Sea area and their spatial organization as the urbanisation process continued, and the most significant buildings or other building remains. The course refers essentially to the Greek colonies and the subsequent cities of the Byzantine period. Moreover, this course examines the development of Greek and local Art in the Black Sea area during Antiquity. Of particular interest are the significant forms of art found, such as painting, pottery/vase-painting and sculpture (in clay or marble) as well as metalwork. For this purpose, published archaeological finds from the Black Sea area will be examined, which make up important products of these arts and are indicative of the development of each of them in the ancient and Byzantine period. The course also examines the historical context of these works of art.
Upon completing the course the students will have gained:
- knowledge of the most significant settlements of the Black Sea during the ancient and medieval periods which have been archaeologically researched and studied
- ability to recognize the urban planning and the plans of the aforementioned settlements
- familiarity with the most significant building activities which existed in those settlements, such as ancient temples, fortifications, workshops, public and private buildings, Byzantine temples, etc.
- familiarity with the objects which were found in all of these settlements during the excavations, which provide significant data regarding the use of the buildings and the history of the settlements
- knowledge of the development of basic art forms in the Black Sea area dating from the ancient and Byzantine era
- ability to identify and date an ancient art work
- ability to incorporate any work in its historical context and interpret it as a product of a typological development, as well as of a society with specific cultural and economic characteristics.