Energy Politics & Security

Teaching hours and credit allocation: 30 hours, 6 credits
Course assessment: exams

Aims

Geopolitics of energy covers topics related to interactions of geographical, political, military, economic aspects as a way to comprehend events affecting the energy system. First we will introduce some theoretical definitions of what geopolitics is, how it has been developed throughout the years. Further, we will focus on some case studies that can better describe the great number of variables that determine the geopolitical situation of some world areas where the geopolitical pillar of economy and in particular, the compound geopolitical indicator of energy has crucial role. The methodology is the Systemic Geopolitical Analysis and in this context, energy is a matter of utmost concern. Each historical episode will be analyzed to make sense of the international context and the players concerned by pointing out causes and consequences with special attention to the energy sector. Crucial for a positive and useful result will be the capability of each participant to interact and share opinion and remark. Participants will be asked to perform short reports and case studies analyses.

Learning Outcomes

On completing the course students will be able to:

  • Understand the notion of geographical space as well as the different kinds of geographical space.
  • Understand the fundamentals of Geopolitics according to the prominent literature. The essential terminology: understanding the difference between Geopolitics,  Geo-strategy and Geo-propaganda.
  • Geopolitics through the prism of Systemic Geopolitical Analysis: a contemporary proposal for geopolitical analysis.
  • Understand the interactions between Politics, international relations, Economics, Technology; Demography and Geography and how these variables affect and are affected by the energy sector.
  • Analyze critically the strategies of the energy companies and their relations with companies of energy producing countries.
  • Understand the energy policy and trends affecting strategies.
  • Understand the concept of security of supply.
  • Analyze some case studies that allow to better understand Geopolitics as an instrument of analysis.

Content

  • Fundamentals in Geopolitics
  • The Suez Canal Crisis as a paradigm of a new world in the decolonization process
  • The First Oil Crisis and the Yom Kippur War
  • The Second Oil Crisis and the Iranian Revolution
  • The Iran-Iraq war and the Oil Counter shock
  • The Gulf Wars: the Middle East reshaped from the end of Cold War to the September 11th2001
  • From Soviet Union to Russia: The role of energy in a new context of Russian leadership
  • The Turkish Hub and the Neo-Ottomanism
  • Asia Geopolitics: the China Sea Power and other Asian actors
  • Africa and Energy: A geopolitical challenge
  • Middle East.2: An Updated analysis